Paul Citroen

© Hermann-Hesse-Museum Calw

Through the good offices of the famous book illustrator Kurt Löb, the Hermann-Hesse-Museum in Calw was able to acquire this chalk drawing by Germano-Dutch painter Paul Citroen.

It was produced - most probably in Montagnola - on May 18, 1962, just a few months before Hesse's death, and is signed not only by the painter but also by the author. Citroen, born the son of Dutch parents in Berlin in 1896, moved to Holland in 1917. From 1922 to 1925, he studied at the Bauhaus in Weimar. One of the pieces he produced during his studies, the photo-montage "Metropolis," an oppressive spatial construction consisting of big-city architectural motifs, proved to be a truly epoch-making work, inspiring film director Fritz Lang during the production of the movie of the same name. A further well-known work by Citroen is his portrait of the writer Thomas Mann. The artist died in Wassenaar/Netherlands in 1983.